Facts: The invention and development of the cars as a primary mode of personal transportation is required to have a parallel development of the fuels that would make these cars operate.

Hydrocarbon fuels is the most in demand source of light in the world today. Coal gas, camphene, kerosene from the petroleum in the ground all competed to light the lamps of the cities and the country

Automobiles has increased its demanded of petroleum as time goes by. The early refiners could convert only a small proportion of their crude oil to gasoline – the rest was wasted or spilled to the environment. As the number of automobiles increased, two forces played out:

a. A shortage of quality fuel that led 1920’s auto industry leaders to predict there would be no more petroleum by about 1940, and

b. A requirement for higher quality in the fuels to prevent damaging knocking that robbed the engines of efficiency and power as engineers sought to design high compression auto engines..

The fact that i have stated occurred several years ago… when there is still a few automobiles are used for personal mobility. And now.. More and more cars are produced… and the supply of petroleum is at stake. So, how can we save the sources of petroleum and prevent it form disappearing completely?

It is evident that the natural resources of petroleum are diminishing to sustain vehicle’s everyday usage. According to the above mentioned fact, time will come that there would be a great scarce of supply of these resources in the future. That is why scientist have discovered ways to minimize the usage of petroleum. A new way is the use of biofuels.

Biofuel can be broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel consisting of, or derived from recently dead biological material, most commonly plants. This distinguishes it from fossil fuel, which is derived from long dead biological material. There are two strategies to produce this biofuel

1. To grow sugar crops (sugar cane, and sugar beet), or starch (corn/maize), and then use yeast fermentation to produce ethanol (ethyl alcohol).

2. To grow plants that (naturally) produce oils, such as algae, or jatropha. When these oils are heated, their viscosity is reduced, and they can be burned directly in a diesel engine, or the oils can be chemically processed to produce fuels such as biodiesel.

What are these bio fuels?

  • Ethanol also called ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, or drinking alcohol, is a flammable, colorless, chemical compound. It is best known as the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages and in thermometers. In common usage, it is often referred to simply as alcohol.
  • Biodiesel refers to a non-petroleum-based diesel fuel consisting of short chain alkyl (methyl or ethyl) esters, typically made by transesterification of vegetable oils or animal fats, which can be used (alone, or blended with conventional petrodiesel) in unmodified diesel-engine vehicles.

The use of this new source of fuel to feed in vehicles engine is found to be both cost effective and environment friendly. Although this type of fuel is not popular to car owners time will come that each one of us needs to use this as a means to save our resources from scarcity.

In the world today, where everyone of us are becoming dependent in the use of vehicles, I guess we need to be responsible enough in preserving our natural resources… make it last longer for the next generation to experience the convenience we have when these resources are still accessible. Many times, we set aside these important facts “ the source of petroleum is decreasing” So now… we need to learn hoe to use this BIOFUEL to make our life and the life of the next generations a lot better.